Cirujanos y maestros en el siglo XXI.

Por Lorenzo Hernández • 25 ene, 2010 • Sección: Enseñanza

profesor Cirujanos y maestros en el siglo XXI.

Una historia que Adrian Paenza reflejó en su libro Matemáticas… ¿estás ahí?, que nos sirve para pensar sobre los medios de los que dispone la enseñanza actual. Algo parecido al post “Mariano Mediona, el primer hombre del tiempo”, que publiqué hace ya tiempo.

Es la siguiente:

Supongamos que un cirujano de principios del siglo XX, fallecido alrededor de 1920, se despertara hoy y fuera trasladado al quirófano de un hospital moderno (aquellos a los que tienen acceso para cuidar de su salud las personas con alto poder adquisitivo, generando una desigualdad que escapa al motivo de este libro, pero que no por eso ignoro). Vuelvo al quirófano. Supongamos que en la cama de operaciones hay un cuerpo anestesiado al que están operando con la tecnología actual más moderna. ¿Qué haría el tal cirujano? ¿Qué sensaciones tendría? Claramente, el cuerpo de un humano no cambió. En ese lugar no habría problemas. El problema lo encontraría en las “técnicas quirúrgicas”, el “aparataje” que las circundan, “el instrumental” y la “batería de tests” que estarían a disposición del cuerpo de médicos que están en esa sala. Eso sí sería una diferencia. Posiblemente, el viejo cirujano se quedaría “admirado” de lo que ve y completamente “fuera del circuito”: Le explicarían el problema del paciente, y seguro que lo entendería. No tendría problemas en comprender el diagnóstico (al menos, en la mayoría de los casos). Pero la operación en si misma le resultaría totalmente inaccesible, inalcanzable.

Ahora cambiemos la profesión. Supongamos que en lugar de un cirujano que vivió y murió en el primer cuarto del siglo XX, resucitamos a un maestro de esos tiempos. Y lo llevamos, no a una sala de operaciones, sino al teatro de operaciones de un maestro: una sala en donde se dictan clases. A una escuela. ¿Tendría problemas de comprensión? ¿Entendería de lo que están hablando? ¿Comprendería las dificultades que presentan los alumnos? (No me refiero a los trastornos de conducta, sino a los problemas inherentes a la comprensión propiamente dicha.) Posiblemente, la respuesta es que sí, que el maestro de otros tiempos no tendría problemas en comprender y hasta podría, si el tema era de su especialidad hace un siglo, acercarse al pizarrón, tomar la tiza y seguir él con la clase casi sin dificultades.

MORALEJA: la tecnología cambió mucho el abordaje de ciertas disciplinas, pero no tengo claro que lo mismo se haya producido con los métodos y programas de enseñanza.

Mi duda es: si elegimos no cambiar nada no hay problemas. Si evaluamos que lo que se hace desde hace un siglo es lo que queremos hacer hoy, no hay críticas. Pero si lo que hacemos hoy es lo mismo que hace un siglo, porque lo revisamos poco o lo consensuamos menos, hay algo que funciona mal. Y vale la pena cuestionarlo.


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2 comentarios »

  1. ¿Sabías que esta anécdota, tantas veces oída en formaciones, esta basada en el cuento de Rip Van Winkle?
    Este personaje clásico en los EEUU, se queda dormido y se despierta 20 años después. Un saludo y sigue con tu estupendo blog.

  2. Pues no lo sabía. Buscaré información sobre el cuento. Muchas gracias por el apunte.

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